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A substitute teacher from the inner city refuses to be messed with while taking attendance.
Music video by Taylor Swift performing Back To December. (C) 2011 Big Machine Records, LLC.
Music video by P!nk performing Try (The Truth About Love - Live From Los Angeles). (C) 2012 RCA Records, a division of Sony Music Entertainment.
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Buy on iTunes: http://www.Smarturl.it/TTT Amazon: http://idj.to/svJVGM Music video by Rihanna performing Where Have You Been. ©: The Island Def Jam Music Group.
Robert Cochrane (possibly died 1482) was an architect or mason who lived in the reign of King James III of Scotland. There exists a good deal of controversy about him, and some broader issues about the reign of James III. These issues concern the theme of a king taking advice from low-born favourites rather than from established noble councillors.
The traditional view is that James was a cultured man in the context of his time, but otherwise had some serious character flaws, a weak king and a dilettante who surrounded himself with a group of low-born favourites who had various talents. Cochrane was the most important of these favourites, to some extent he governed the country during the 1470s, and James may have made him Earl of Mar after the death of the previous earl, the king's younger brother. Cochrane's downfall came during an invasion by an English army led by the king's younger brother, the Duke of Albany, and the Duke of Gloucester, the future King Richard III of England. A cabal of aristocrats, led by Archibald Douglas, 5th Earl of Angus, decided that they must "bell the cat". They hanged Cochrane and the other favourites at Lauder Bridge.
In the late 20th century much of this came to be questioned. Some historians have been more sympathetic to James III, seeing him as a cultured man in the rugby club atmosphere of the Scottish nobility at that time, and defended him against some criticisms. However it has also been suggested that James was a homosexual, and these "favourites of low birth" were his homosexual partners.
The leading Scottish historian Norman Macdougall has come out with a revisionist biography of James III. In it he argues that, far from being a weak king, he was actually something of a tyrant, and dismissed the "favourites of low birth" as the invention of chroniclers in the next century who did not know what they were on about. He argues that all we can say for sure is that James had some dealings with an architect or mason and the rest is later invention. Macdougall found two records of a Thomas Cochrane; one reference suggests that Cochran was an usher of the king's chamber door, and the other that a Thomas Cochrane had forfeited the lands of Cousland near Dalkeith. Cochrane of Cousland, Macdougall concludes, may have been the usher and met his end at Lauder Bridge. Macdougall also follows the development of the story in later writers and points particularly to William Drummond of Hawthornden's History of the 5 Jameses for setting the final elaboration of the story. Macdougall argues that Hawthornden increased the status of Cochrane as artist and architect in order to rescue the king's reputation.
This view is not universally accepted by historians. This pattern of events, a royal favourite being assassinated by jealous nobles, did occur a few times in late mediaeval or early modern Europe.
- Macdougall, (1982), 163-165 (Cousland was a source of building lime)
- Macdougall, (1982), 288-290.
- Macdougall, Norman James the Third, John Donald, (1982)
- Ashley, Mike (1998) British Kings and Queens. New York. Caroll and Graf Publishers.